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Equestrian statue of Count Gyula Andrassy to be placed by the Parliament

As part of the ongoing renovation of Kossuth Square, replicas of the monuments and statues which were in place in the square prior to World War 2 will be returned to the positions of the original statues. A replica of the equestrian statue of Count Gyula Andrassy will be therefore be returned to its original position south of the Parliament during 2014.

The original statue was commissioned by public order in 1890 upon the death of Andrassy. This memorial was awarded by competition which was won by sculptor Gyorgy Zala. Two photos displayed here illustrate the original work.

1908 Looking over the Danube towards the Royal Palace.

1937 View of the statue from the southern end of the Parliament building.

The statue in bronze, stood on a plinth 7 meters high with a bronze relief of the Coronation of 1867, the culmination of the Compromise with Austria crafted by Deak and Andrassy, on one side of the plinth. On the other side of the plinth was a bronze relief of the Congress of Berlin of 1878 initiated by Andrassy at which the balance of power in Europe was negotiated by the great powers. Replicas of the original reliefs have been commissioned. The equestrian statue which stood on the plinth was 6 meters high and was of rare quality. It dominated the south side of the square and could be easily identified from the Buda side of the Danube.

The original statue was melted down in 1948 under the orders of Communist Party Secretary Comrade Matyas Rakosi to provide part of the bronze required for the construction of the massive statue of Comrade Stalin which in turn was destroyed during the Uprising against the Soviet Union in 1956.

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Ceremony at Godollo to celebrate unveiling of a bust of Count Gyula Andrassy

In 2011 the Foundation agreed with the Royal Palace at Godollo to donate a marble bust on long term loan of Count Gyula Andrassy, by Transylvanian sculptor Lőrinc Siklody, to the Royal Palace. This celebrates the connection between Andrassy and the Palace. Andrassy as Prime Minister, acquired the Palace in 1867 on behalf of the State as a coronation present to the new Royal Couple. It will be on display to the public in the Coronation Room next to a portrait of Ferenc Deak. The two architects of the 1867 Compromise with Austria will therefore be represented side by side.

In order to mark this handover a ceremonial unveiling took place on June 23rd in the Ceremonial Room of the Palace. The Hungarian Foreign Ministry generously hosted the event to coincide with the Hungarian Presidency of the European Union at which a large number of foreign representatives attended.

Foreign Minister Janos Martonyi, Foundation Chairman Mark Odescalchi and Royal Palace Director Tibor Gonczi addressed the guests after which Messrs Martonyi and Odescalchi unveiled the statue.

Minister Martonyi said it was an honour to celebrate his most illustrious forebear: the First Hungarian Foreign Minister of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

In a very sympathetic speech he drew comparisons between how Andrassy maintained stability in the Monarchy and how some similar issues in the region can be considered today. Photos of the event can be seen below:

Janos Martonyi Foreign Minister addressing guests at the statue unveiling

Mark Odescalchi, Chairman of the Foundation addressing the guests at the statue unveiling

Unveiling of statue of Count Gyula Andrassy

Bust of Count Gyula Andrassy




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The Foundation received in 2010 the donation of a marble bust by Transylvanian sculptor Lőrinc Siklody (1876-1945) of Gyula Andrassy. This was completed on commission around 1899.

The Foundation in turn is granting the statue on long term loan to the Royal Palace at Gödöllő.

There will be an unveiling ceremony at Gödöllő during the Hungarian Presidency of the EU to mark this event on 23rd June at which Foreign Minister Janos Martonyi will give a brief address.

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The launch of the Hungarian version of "Trianon egy angol szemével" by Bryan Cartledge will take place at the Litea bookstore, Hess András tér, on 3rd June Wednesday at 5pm. Those present will include Sir Bryan Cartledge and Professor John Lukacs.

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Exhibition on Gyula Andrassy in Gödöllő

An exhibition: "Andrassy Gyula Years of Exile 1849-1857" to be opened in Gödöllő on Friday 5th June at 5pm. The introduction to the exhibition by Professor László Csorba is attached HERE.

An exhibition commemorating Count Gyula Andrassy will open in the chateau in Gödöllő at 5pm on the 5th June. This is the second instalment of a series of exhibitions whose goal is to introduce the men who were close to Queen Elisabeth (Sissi). Last year the exhibition was on Crown Prince Rudolph and next year the exhibition will concentrate on Emperor Franz Joseph. The aim of this exhibition is to acquaint the public with the life of Gyula Andrassy: charismatic politician, prime minister, later foreign minister of the dual monarchy, who was also one of the largest landowners in Hungary and a good friend (not more) of the Queen.

The curators were able to add to the existing exhibits with contributions from the Chateau museum of Betler (a former Andrassy property), as well as that of Homonna and some exhibits from Vienna as well. This exhibition is considered very important because it will be the first on Gyula Andrassy.

On the weekend following the opening (so called Coronation Weekend of June 6-7th) a series of lectures will be held in Gödöllő on the Andrassy family and Gyula Andrassy. On Saturday 6th the director of the Betler Museum, Eva Lazarova, will give a talk on the Chateau at Betler and Szilvia Lorinckova will give a talk on the Andrassy Collection. On Sunday 7th art historian, Dr Katalin Dozsa will talk on the relationship between Queen Elisabeth and Gyula Andrassy and historian Dr. Geza Buzinkay will give a talk on caricatures depicting Gyula Andrassy.

A catalogue including articles by well known art historians and historians will be available. The exhibition will be open until 27th September 2009.

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Megmaradni... A magyar történelem egy angol szemével, the Hungarian version of Brian Cartledge's The Will to Survive: a History of Hungary, will be introduced at a book launch on June 4, 2008 at 6 pm, at the British Embassy in Budapest. The original work has had two editions in English; Officina Kiado is now publishing the Hungarian version in time for Book Week. Professor John Lukacs will introduce the book and will discuss it with the author.

The British Ambassador will hold a reception following the book launch. By invitation only.



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The publishing house General Press hosted a book launch on the 29th May, 2007, at the Gyula Andrassy Budapest German Speaking University where it presented its publication of Letters from the Andrassy House (1864-1869), in time for the 2007 Book Week.

The publishing of this collection of letters by a former governess of the household of Count Gyula Andrassy, the Elder, was assisted in part by Pal Odescalchi, the founder of the Gyula Andrassy Foundation. He was present at the launch, along with the historian Andras Gergely, professor at ELTE, who presented and spoke at length about the book, as well as András Ciegel, of General Press, who wrote the introduction of the Letters from the Andrassy House (1864-1869) .

Below is a brief description of the book as well as links to reviews by the press.

Briefly about the Book

A book entitled Letters from the Andrassy House (1864-1869) appeared during the 2007 Book Week in Budapest (the original letters are privately owned).

The letters were unknown up to now to those historians who were researching 19th century Hungarian history. A small number of copies of the English version of the letters appeared in a book in 1999 under the title Letters from Hungary 1864 to 1869. Written by Mary Elizabeth Stevens to her mother and sister, London, PRP 1999. This very interesting source on Hungary does not so much provide new insight into the already well-known political history of the Compromise (of 1867), as much as it provides a window on other more fascinating areas. The most important value of the letters is the fact that it enables us to get a more precise picture of how the Hungarian aristocrats of the 1860s lived, of their mentality and their hidden social ties (at times it gives us gossip as well), and more precisely, on the Andrassy family's private lives, how they brought up their children, their circumstances etc. The book is not only interesting for professional historians but it is also an entertaining, interesting read for the lay person.

What makes the book especially interesting is the fact that its author is a foreigner (at least to Hungarians) as well as a woman. This is quite rare, considering the paucity of material available on the 1860-70s Hungarian history in the form of memoirs and letters of reminiscences. Through the eyes of a governess (and language teacher), the letters let us see how the country embarked on the road to having a middle class, as well as the day-to-day life of the first prime minister of Hungary, Count Gyula Andrassy. In addition, a woman's eye describes the public roles played by Hungarian aristocratic ladies, the social conventions of the day, their views on child rearing, their sartorial and eating habits, how they spent their free time and amused themselves.

The nearly 170 letters were carefully annotated and were given a preface as well as an index. In addition, our book includes several photographs, which up to now have not been seen by the greater public, having languished in family archives only.

We believe that the fact that the book is published in 2007 pays proper homage to the 140th anniversary of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867.

In addition please go to Book Reviews to read further reviews of the book by the press.


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The Foundation hosted a reception to celebrate the launch of the paperback version of The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary by Sir Bryan Cartledge. The reception was held on November 2nd in Budapest in the Andrássy salon of the Andrássy Gyula University.


Mark Odescalchi and Sir Bryan Cartledge in front of the portrait of Gyula Andrássy in the Andrássy Room, Andrássy Gyula University



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The London launch of "The Will to Survive" took place on 5th April, 2006 at the Hungarian Cultural Centre. Those attending included the Hungarian Ambassador to the United Kingdom HE Béla Szombati. Professor John Lukács and Professor László Péter made speeches in which they praised the book for its historical accuracy, objectivity and the fine writing style of the author.

On 27th April, 2006 Ambassador John Nichols graciously hosted a reception at the British Embassy for the launching of Sir Bryan Cartledge's The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary. The reception was well attended by, among others, local historians, such as former Hungarian Foreign Minister Géza Jeszenszky, members of the ex pat community and interested Hungarians.

After a few words of welcome, Ambassador Nichols introduced Sir Bryan to the audience, who, as a former UK ambassador himself to Budapest from 1980 to 1983, has a keen interest in Hungarian history. Professor Tibor Frank, a professor of history at ELTE then spoke at length about the book, saying that it very much fulfilled a need for an updated history of Hungary in English. He particularly praised its objectivity and to this end, he read out two passages, one on the regent Admiral Horthy and one on the late Communist leader János Kádár. Finally, Sir Bryan himself described in a few words his interest in Hungarian history and stressed that he wanted to write a book giving a foreigner's view of it. He is clearly cognizant of the fact that "some judgments may not be entirely palatable to the Hungarians". He also graciously thanked the Gyula Andrássy Foundation for its support towards helping the publication of the book.

The book is available in Budapest at Bestsellers for the price of HUF 8,500.  Please see Book Reviews for reviews of The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary.


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The publication of The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary by Sir Bryan Cartledge (UK Ambassador to Hungary 1980-1983), published by Timewell Press, is due to take place in the United Kingdom in March, 2006. The Foundation has provided support for this publication.

The Will to Survive describes how a small country, for much of its existence squeezed between two empires, surrounded by hostile neighbours and subjected to invasion and occupation, survived the frequent tragedies of its eventful history to become a sovereign democratic republic within the European Union. The Mongol, Ottoman, Habsburg, Nazi and Soviet empires have vanished; but Hungary, a victim of all five and despite suffering the consequences of being on the losing side in every war she has fought, still occupies the European space which the Magyar tribes claimed for themselves in the ninth century.

The author, whose interest in Hungary began with his service there as British Ambassador during the declining years of Kádár's Communist regime, traces Hungary's story from the arrival of the Magyars in Europe to the accession of Hungary to membership of NATO and the European Union. The eleven hundred years covered by this account embraced medieval greatness, Turkish occupation, Habsburg domination, unsuccessful struggles for independence, massive deprivation of territory and population after the First World War, a disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany motivated by the hope of redress and forty years of Soviet-imposed Communism interrupted by a gallant but brutally suppressed revolution in 1956. The Will to Survive is published on the eve of the fiftieth anniversary of that revolution, an event which will stimulate curiosity concerning the long history of Europe's great survivor.

The book has received critical acclaim from the following:

Professor John Lukacs:

"Histories of Hungary are usually the works of natives of that small country. There are few exceptions to that; but now we have a very valuable one. Bryan Cartledge's The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary excels for many reasons: the breadth of his knowledge, his historical and humane insights, and the fineness of this author's style. He was a former Ambassador to Hungary; many of his pages breathe a genuine sympathy and a, not always uncritical, understanding of the sometimes tragic, but also sometimes inspiring history of that country and its people."

Charles Wheeler, former BBC correspondent and producer who covered the 1956 Revolution for the `Panorama' programme.

"Deeply researched, comprehensive, lucid and elegantly written- this is engrossing history, all the more welcome for its appearance fifty years after Hungary's abortive but inspiring revolution of 1956."

These endorsements will appear on the cover of the book.

Events promoting the publication of the book will take place in London and Budapest in April, 2006.



After taking a double First in History and a Russian language qualification at Cambridge University, Bryan Cartledge undertook research into aspects of the Russian Revolution at St. Antony's College, Oxford (where he was elected to a Research Fellowship in 1958) and at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He was enlisted to assist Sir Anthony Eden (later the Earl of Avon) with the first volume of his memoirs, an experience which encouraged him to embark on a diplomatic career. In the British Diplomatic Service, Cartledge served in Sweden, the Soviet Union and Iran before being appointed, in 1977, to be Private Secretary (Overseas Affairs) to the British Prime Minister; he served both James Callaghan and Margaret Thatcher in that capacity before taking up his first ambassadorial appointment as British Ambassador to Hungary, in 1980. He then headed the Defence and Overseas Secretariat of the Cabinet Office, as Deputy Secretary of the British Cabinet, before returning to Moscow as Ambassador, where he had regular dealings with Mikhail Gorbachev and Edvard Shevernadze. Cartledge left the Diplomatic Service in 1988 on his election to be Principal of Linacre College, Oxford. In Oxford, he has edited six books on environmental issues. He holds diplomas in the Hungarian language from the Universities of Westminster and Debrecen (Hungary). His history of Hungary, The Will to Survive, fulfils an aspiration which grew out of his deep interest in that country, where he lived for three years in the early 1980s. He was knighted in 1985.